Whilst there are quite a few circumstances where people can claim or continue claiming UK benefits in Spain, for most leaving the UK to move to Spain, means leaving behind UK benefits.
When you leave the UK permanently, or for an extended period of time, in a lot of cases, you lose your entitlement to certain UK benefits.
There are of course lots of different benefits that can be claimed in the UK, and it will depend on the type of benefit, and your exact circumstances, as to whether you can continue claiming the benefit after you have moved to Spain.
For example, if your family live in Spain, but you live, work, and pay National Insurance in the UK, then you might be able to continue claim to Child Benefit or Child Tax Credit. However, if you also live in Spain, then unless you are a Crown Servant or in receipt of certain benefits, such as Incapacity Benefit, (now Employment and Support Allowance), or State Pension, then you are no longer eligible to claim those benefits.
When you leave the UK, you need to tell the office that pays your benefit you’re going abroad. If you fail to report a change in your circumstances, or are otherwise dishonest in order to get benefits, e.g. pretending that you still live in the UK, you are committing benefit fraud.
If you receive UK benefits, and have moved to Spain or are thinking about doing so, you should check whether you can continue to claim those benefits in Spain. This way you can make sure you don’t continue to claim benefits you’re not entitled to, or unwittingly commit benefit fraud.
The link below takes you to a page on the gov.uk website where you can easily check which UK benefits you can claim in Spain.